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True Root Nursery

American Elm Seedling

American Elm Seedling

Species: Ulmus americana

History: American Elm is native from Nova Scotia west to Alberta and south to Florida. Its height and appealing form made it desirable as street trees and it was planted widely in North America. This unfortunately made it susceptible to the arrival of Dutch Elm Disease, first recorded in North America in 1928, which led to the decimation of the species. There are many prominent elm trees throughout history, marked either for their size or the historical events that took place near them such as the Washington Elm under which it is said George Washington took command of the American army in 1775 or the Survivor Tree which survived the Oklahoma City Bombing in 1995 with debris embedded in it. Many of these trees have sadly either been lost to time or Dutch Elm Disease. 

Why We Grow It: Despite their susceptibility to certain pests and diseases like Dutch Elm Disease, American Elms are extremely tough trees that can tolerate harsh cold and a variety of adverse conditions that other trees cannot handle. They grow quickly, get quite tall, and are quite attractive, making it easy to see why they were so popular as street trees. Their leaves are high in potassium and calcium which also makes them great for compost teas. It is believed that one in 100,000 trees are resistant to Dutch Elm Disease and by planting seedlings perhaps we can improve the genetic diversity of these trees and find more resistant individuals. 

Fruit Specs

Recommended Use: Ornamental, ecological, compost teas

Fruit Size: n/a

Storage: n/a


Growing Specs

Canadian Hardiness Zone: 2

Soil Preference: Prefers rich loamy soils but is adaptable to different kinds and conditions

Flowering Time: Spring

Bloom Colour: Reddish-green

Pollination Requirements:

Sun/Shade Requirements:

Partial to full sun (approx. 6-10 hours of sun daily)

General Growth Habits:

Tree generally reaches 30m tall but can get 45m tall, vigorous. Susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease, elm yellows, verticillium wilt, several species of elm beetles, and Japanese beetle.

Shipping vs. Pick Up

CLICK HERE to see how shipping compares to pick up.

Shipping: Every year we ship thousands of trees across Canada (except BC due to CFIA regulations). We carefully bag roots in damp sawdust, then box them and send them out via courrier. CLICK HERE to see our shipping policy.

Pick-up: We also have thousands of trees picked up from our nursery each year. The pick-up options is free, though you must wait until you have been emailed a confirmation that your order is ready to pick up, which will have further information such as hours, locations, etc. We really appreciate if you can make an appointment to pick up, then we can be as organized as possible during our busy season.

Size at Purchase

Our ungrafted fruit tree seedlings, nut tree seedlings, berries, and other miscellaneous plants are categorized into the following sizes excluding the roots:

  • 5-15cm
  • 15cm+
  • 30cm+
  • 60cm+
  • 90cm+

All of these heights exclude the roots since seedlings and some berries will often have a lot of root growth but relatively little vegetative growth (ex. our Shagbark Hickories seedlings are often 5-15cm above the soil but will have roots that reach 20cm+ in length).

Not all of our berries and seedlings will be available in all of these grades since growth rate can vary significantly across species and even varieties. While we remain competitive in our plant size, it's also worth noting we don't use synthetic chemicals to push vegetative growth, therefore you may find conventional nursery stock larger in some instances comparatively. 

Why plant small? It's best to transplant when a plant is young so it can establish its roots before it has a lot of vegetative growth. This is much less stressful on it and bareroot plants tend to catch up and even surpass larger potted ones planted at the same time, after a few years.

Orders that are cancelled last minute due to size (being "too small"), will still incur the applicable cancellation fees if the plants are true to our grading standards as per the agreement of sale when the order was placed.

Regular price $10.00 CAD
Regular price Sale price $10.00 CAD
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