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Silver Creek Nursery Ltd.

Ellis Bitter Apple

Ellis Bitter Apple

History: The exact origin of Ellis Bitter is unknown but it is believed to have originated on the farm of a Mr. Ellis in the 1800s in England. It was planted commercially, particularly by growers under contract with the cider-making company H.P. Bulmer. Unlike some older cider varieties, Ellis Bitter still remains relatively common today. 

Why We Grow It: Ellis Bitter is an old English cider apple, with good disease resistance, vigour, and production. This variety produces a high quality medium-bittersweet juice with soft, astringent tannins that are suited for blends. It is notable for its early ripening time compared to many cider apples, and therefore adds nicely to an orchard to extend the season. This cultivar has produced very well in the Ontario climate according to trials at the Vineland Research Station.

        Fruit Specs

        Recommended Use: Cider

        Fruit Size:

        Storage: Doesn't keep, it is best to use this apple relatively soon after harvesting

        Harvest: September - Late

        Cider Class (if applicable): Class: Bittersweet
        Acidity: Low, <4.5 g/L
        Tannins: Medium, >2 g/L
        Recommendations: Best used in cider blends, blends well with Major

        Growing Specs

        Canadian Hardiness Zone: 5

        Soil Preference: Sandy loam, loam, clay loam. Prefers average to moist conditions, avoid planting anywhere that floods for more than two weeks in the spring. Generally quite adaptable to different soil conditions.

        Flowering Time: Late

        Bloom Colour: White

        Pollination Requirements: Triploid, requires two pollinators of different non-triploid apple varieties that bloom around the same time

        Sun/Shade Requirements:

        Full sun (approx. 8-10 hours of sun daily)

        General Growth Habits:

        Partial tip-bearing, vigorous and precocious, tends to crop biennially. Resistant to canker and brown rot, very resistant to scab.

        General Disease Resistance Rating: Medium. This is a combined rating of how the cultivar produces and grows in our test orchard, along with the cultivar's known disease resistences/susceptibilities. Remember, just because a variety is susceptable to something does not mean it will get it. The microclimate, pests and disease present within your orchard/area will differ from ours too, creating a unique growing condition that may or may not induce certain pests or diseases.

        Shipping vs. Pick Up

        CLICK HERE to see how shipping compares to pick up.

        Shipping: Every year we ship thousands of trees across Canada (except BC due to CFIA regulations). We carefully bag roots in damp sawdust, then box them and send them out via courrier. CLICK HERE to see our shipping policy.

        Pick-up: We also have thousands of trees picked up from our nursery each year. The pick-up options is free, though you must wait until you have been emailed a confirmation that your order is ready to pick up, which will have further information such as hours, locations, etc. We really appreciate if you can make an appointment to pick up, then we can be as organized as possible during our busy season.

        Size at Purchase

        Our grafted fruit trees are graded into three categories, and the size includes the rootstock:

        • 50-80cm whip: may have some minor branching, this grade is like a "b-grade" size tree in industry standards; we include in this price category trees that are over 1m but have some scarring or mild crookedness.
        • 1m+ whip: may have some minor branching, aka feathering. This is like a typical one-year whip in industry standards. 
        • 1m+ branched: these trees must be over a meter and have 3 or more branches 30cm or longer, as well as a central leader. They are essentially a two-year tree in industry standards. 
        • For stone fruits only - 1m+ whip/branched: We have combined these grades based on the way these trees grow and are grafted. Plums, apricots, cherries, and peaches naturally tend to grow more vigorously compared to apples and are more likely to form larger trees with more branches. However, we only chip bud them so they are a one-year old tree by industry standards. Apples and pears are partially bench grafted, and using the knip-boom method the grading becomes more complicated, hence the reason they are split into different grades.
        grafted tree grades at silver creek nursery
        Please keep in mind, bareroot trees appear small if you are unfamiliar with them. Size can vary year to year due to weather conditions and every single variety has a unique amount of vigor (some varieties naturally are smaller and some bigger, much like humans -and when you propagate hundreds of varieties, there certainly is variation). While we remain competitive in our plant size, it's also worth noting we don't use synthetic chemicals to push vegetative growth, therefore you may find conventional nursery stock larger in some instances comparatively. 
        Why plant small? It's best to transplant a tree when it's young so it can establish its roots before it has a lot of vegetative growth. This is much less stressful on it and bareroot trees tend to catch up and even surpass larger potted trees planted at the same time, after a few years.

        Orders that are cancelled last minute due to size (being "to small"), will still incur the applicable cancellation fees if the trees are true to our grading standards as per the agreement of sale when the order was placed.

        Rootstock
        Size
        Regular price $48.00 CAD
        Regular price Sale price $48.00 CAD
        Sale Sold out
        Shipping calculated at checkout.
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