History: Grimes Golden was discovered on the Grimes farm in what is now West Virginia in 1832. Local legend claims that it grew from a seed planted by John Chapman, better known as Johnny Appleseed. After its discovery, it was widely planted up until the 1930s when it became supplanted by more popular varieties such as its (likely) descendant, Golden Delicious.
Why We Grow It: Although less popular now than Golden Delicious, many claim that Grimes Golden has a superior flavour: sweeter and with a hint of spice. The fruit is great for fresh eating and making cider, and it stores quite well. The tree is moderately resistant to fire blight and mildew.
Canadian Hardiness Zone: 5
Soil Preference: Sandy loam, loam, clay loam.Prefers average to moist conditions, avoid planting anywhere that floods for more than two weeks in the spring. Generally quite adaptable to different soil conditions.
Growth Habits and Disease Resistance: Moderately vigorous and precocious, good crops. Slightly susceptible to cedar rust and susceptible to scab but very resistant to mildew and fireblight. Spur bearing.
Sun/Shade: Full sun (approx. 8-10 hours of sun daily)
Pollination:Self-pollinating, this variety will produce fruit without an apple tree of a different variety but will produce more and better fruit if one is present
Flowering Time: Middle, flowers for a long time
Ripens: Mid October
Storage: Keeps until February when stored in cool, humid conditions
Recommended Use: Fresh eating, cider, cooking
Sugar: Medium, SG 1.052
Acidity: Medium, TA 6.1 g/L
Tannins: Low, 0.7 g/L
Juice Yield: 202 mL/lb
Taste: Tart and somewhat bitter, green apple flavour
Recommendations: Makes a good single-variety cider
*Information based on Washington State University's "Cultivar Performance Gallery" and Brix Cider
Size including roots:
100-200 cm whip, 1 year grade
100 cm+ with 3 or more branches, 30 cm or more, 2 year grade