History: Rhode Island Greening emerged around 1650 where it was grown from seed by a Mr. Green near Green's End, Rhode Island. Mr. Green owned a tavern and often gave scions from the original tree to his customers, although the tree eventually died from the demand for scionwood. The name was originally the descriptive 'Green's Inn apple from Rhode Apple' and later shortened to 'Rhode Island Greening.'* This apple was commonly grown in New York and is still quite common today.
Why We Grow It: This apple's long-lasting popularity is due to its reputation as perhaps the definitive American pie-making apple. The large, dark-green apple is too tart to be eaten fresh but is great in pies and holds its shape well when cooked. It also produces nicely in our test orchard, producing large, blemish-free fruit despite it's generally poor disease resistance.
Canadian Hardiness Zone: 5
Soil Preference: Sandy loam, loam, clay loam.Prefers average to moist conditions, avoid planting anywhere that floods for more than two weeks in the spring. Generally quite adaptable to different soil conditions.
Growth Habits and Disease Resistance: Vigorous with a spreading growth pattern, compact size, slow to start producing fruit and tends to produce every other year but has good crops when it does. Susceptible to scab, canker, mildew, fireblight, cedar rust, and bitter pit, but grows well in our test orchard despite these susceptibilities.
Sun/Shade: Full sun (approx. 8-10 hours of sun daily)
Pollination:Triploid or suffers from poor quality pollen, requires two pollinators of different non-triploid apple varieties that bloom around the same time.
Flowering Time: Bloom middle
Ripens: Mid October
Storage: Keeps until April when stored in cool, humid conditions
Recommended Use: Cooking
Size including roots:
100-200 cm whip, 1 year grade
100 cm+ with 3 or more branches, 30 cm or more, 2 year grade
50-80 cm, B-grade
*Fun fact: The Ontario ghost town Unopark got its name in a similar way. It was originally founded by Richard Parker, my (Jade's) ancestor, and the name is a shortened version of 'You know the Parkers?'