Rugosa Rose
Rugosa Rose

Rugosa Rose

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Species: Rosa rugosa

History: Rosa rugosa is native to parts of China, Japan, Korea, and Siberia where it can be found on coasts, often on sand dunes. It has traditionally been used to make jams, desserts, and pot-pourri in China and Japan, and has been used medicinally. It was introduced to the US and European countries from Japan in the late 1700s to mid 1800s, although it has since become invasive in many European countries. Nonetheless, it is commonly grown as an ornamental plant and its resistance to salt spray has been of particular value.

Why We Grow It: Rosa rugosa is a friend of the bees and abundant producer of rosehips. Rosehips, small, seedy 'berries', are high in antioxidants and vitamin C. They can be eaten raw, but in our experience they are best used in tea or jam (in fact a blend of dried elderberries, peaches, apples, sumac, and rose hips make a nice herbal orange pekoe substitute!). The fresh petals make an elegant addition to salads.

Canadian Hardiness Zone: 5

Soil Preference: Prefers moist but well-drained soils, but is tolerant of many types of soils and conditions

Growth Habits and Disease Resistance: Shrub grows 1-1.5m tall

Thorns: Yes

Sun/Shade: Full sun (approx. 8-10 hours of sun daily) is preferable but will tolerate partial shade

Pollination: Self-pollinating

Flowering Time: July to August

Ripens: Late October for rosehips

Storage: Dried rosehips can last several months to a year

Recommended Use: Preserves, tea, fresh eating (petals)

Height above soil line: 30-45cm 

 "Butterfly" by www.rubenholthuijsen.nl is licensed under CC BY 2.0 

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